In your quest for financial freedom, do you need a financial plan?


What is a “Financial Plan”?

“A financial plan is a comprehensive evaluation of an investor’s current and future financial state by using currently known variables to predict future cash flows, asset values, and withdrawal plans. Most individuals work in conjunction with a financial planner and use current net worth, tax liabilities, asset allocation, and future retirement and estate plans in developing financial plans. These metrics are used along with estimates of asset growth to determine if a person’s financial goals can be met in the future, or what steps need to be taken to ensure that they are.” ~Investopedia

In my opinion, a financial plan is “a detailed action plan for your finances (money coming in and going out) towards making sure you don’t face problems in life solvable by money.


Starting Your Financial Plan

Many new graduates after graduating do not think about drawing up a Financial Plan as part of their life agenda. After a few years of hard studying, it’s time to reap the fruits, earn your own money, find your bachelor pad and party. Well, it’s alright to enjoy for the 1st or 2nd year. You deserved it. But after you have settled down the euphoria of being in the employment world and earning your own money, it’s time to sit down and consider your life plan.

(TLDR) The answer is yes you need a Financial Plan! Not only for new graduates but to anyone whether you are in your thirties, forties, fifties or even sixties with different priorities at each age. It’s never too late to start working on your Financial Plan. But it’s definitely helpful to start early with time being your friend. This article focuses on those in their twenties who have just started their careers but is applicable no matter your age you are in.

As with any other endeavor, it is prudent to have a detailed action plan mapping the path to your desired goal. A Financial Plan that is well-crafted (with the help of a good personal finances advisor) will greatly assist you to achieve the seemingly elusive achievement of Financial Freedom. No person wants to worry about money but would want to live life fully and comfortably. It is better to get ready now and skip some excesses and not suffer later unprepared when life throws you a curve ball.


Why You Need a Plan, Bub

Below are reasons (in no particular order) why you need to prepare a comprehensive personal Financial Plan (with periodic reviews) that reflect the various stages of our life up to retirement: –

1. Time Value of Money

Do you know that if you are 25 years old now and you save RM33.33 a day at an average return rate of 6% p.a., you will have RM1,000,000 by the time you are 55 years old? As you progress through life, RM33.33 a day is very doable especially as your earnings increase. Thus you can become a millionaire much earlier (or a multi-millionaire). The magic lies in the power of compounding interest. Even though you start saving later, you can still become a millionaire. All you need is a plan and figure out how and where to save and invest each month. The earlier and more you save, the faster your journey.

2. Emergency Funds

Nobody likes unexpected situations that requires a sudden need for a certain sum of money. But emergencies happens and the loss of employment is today often a matter of when and not if. Having these funds will get you through your normal daily routine and give you time to look for your next income generation endeavor. It’s is best to have emergency funds that cover at least 3 to 6 months of expenses.

3. Retirement

EPF as of 2015 reports that 2/3rds of members aged 54 have RM50,000 or less in their accounts! This amount is very likely to be fully used up within five years of retirement. While EPF contributions are for your retirement, you may not want to fully rely on it. A retirement plan helps you figure out what y