Whether you are changing jobs or entering the job market (congratulations, fresh graduates!), aside from the offered salary, what other company benefits should be considered when selecting your next salaried job?

The job name may be the same, the salary may be the same, then what else should you consider when selecting between employers? Assuming you like the job scope, you think you would like to work there (considering work culture, work-life balance, etc), there are still other black and white stuff to analyze besides just the salary. The total compensation package comprises of many other benefits too. Let’s explore some common ones, and bear in mind that not all companies offer every item in this list while some may even offer unique options too.

1. Insurance / Medical Coverage

You may want to check whether your employer offers the following options, how much is covered, who are covered (your dependents), and when is the counter reset for each limit.

  • Medical insurance for outpatient GP (general practitioner) consultation/treatment
  • Medical insurance for outpatient Specialist consultation/treatment
  • Medical insurance for inpatient (hospitalized) consultation/treatment
  • Maternity package and insurance coverage
  • Vision/optical coverage
  • Dental coverage
  • PA (personal accident) insurance coverage

2. Holidays and Leave (Time Off)

Multi-cultural Malaysia observes many public holidays, however, not all private companies observe every one of them. It would be good to know which ones your prospective employer observes and which are not. Take advantage of your knowing your holidays so you can best maximize your vacation time.

Leave is your personal time off, which is different from holidays. With regards to leave, it is good to find out what options are given and how many days allowed for each type. Here are some common options.

  • Annual Leave
  • Maternity Leave
  • Paternity Leave
  • Compassionate Leave
  • Sick Leave
  • Hospitalization Leave

3. Overtime

Overtime is the practice of paying an employee additional wages for working beyond their expected working hours in order to finish given tasks. If there is no mention about overtime pay in your offer letter or contract of employment, do ask your HR representative about it.

4. Bonus

A third favorite question by aunties and uncles at every family gathering, after “How much is your salary?” and “When are you getting married?”, is “How much bonus did you get this/last year?”.

In some companies, rewards for certain achievements or actions are also called a Bonus (see the Recognition Awards & Rewards section below). Despite your definition, your aunties are likely referring to your annual bonus instead which is many employers commonly give either at the end of the year or the start of the year. The bonus amount may be the same sum given to each employee or it may be awarded based on a formula that may factor in your personal annual work performance and/or the company’s annual performance.

Special mention about the Thirteenth Month “Bonus”. This common bonus does not mean your employer is observing some alien calendar but is instead your just salary. It is not to be confused with your annual bonus or any other true bonus. Your annual salary should cover an entire year, and we know a year consists of 52 weeks. To calculate into months, take 52 weeks divided by 4 = 13 months in a year! For some companies, the 13th month salary is already split across the 12 months, so you do not receive this odd sounding “bonus”, and may instead get what seems like a higher monthly salary but actually evens out to be the same as others who get a 13th month bonus. In other words, if you want to compare salary between friends or companies, it is best to compare annual salary with annual salary.

5. Performance Recognition Awards & Rewards

If you do something well, wouldn’t you want to be rewarded?

Check with your employer to understand what actions are rewarded and what forms do these rewards take. Here are some examples of actions that may be rewarded by your employer.

  • High performance over a period of time
  • Doing something exceptional that is aligned with company values and priorities
  • Various forms of good behavior
  • Long-term employment
  • Referring a good candidate for employment

Sometimes these rewards are given flashy names to make them sound even more attractive. Some rewards have a monetary award while some are more for bragging rights, and there are some other types that fall in between. Get to know what your employer offers and decide how well this compares with what alternative employers offer. Perhaps also consider whether the values your employer rewards are creating an office environment you want to belong to.

One coveted reward is known as Restricted Stock Units (RSU) which basically means your employer is awarding you company shares which are vested over a period of time provided you are still a legal employee of the company. RSUs are generally given to high-performing individuals that the employer does not want to see leave the company in the near future.

6. Employee Stock Purchase (ESP)

Chances are you selected to work for this employer because you know as a company it is performing well *coughjobsecuritycough*. And since it is performing well, wouldn’t you love to buy some