EPF historical returns data since inception in 1952, current investments overview, dividend calculation, and future performance estimates. Now including EPF Simpanan Shariah returns.

Updated: Feb 22, 2020

EPF Historical Performance

EPF Investment Diversification Goals

  • 50% fixed income
  • 40% equities
  • 10% others


How did EPF perform in 2019

  • EPF Conventional Savings: 2019 dividends of 5.45% with payout of RM41.68b.
  • EPF Simpanan Shariah: 2019 dividends of 5.00% with payout of RM4.14b.
  • Total dividend payout for 2019: RM45.82 billion.
  • Payout amount required for every 1% dividend rate for 2019: RM7.65b for  Conventional and RM828m for Simpanan Shariah.
  • Assets under management grew to RM924.75b.
  • 3 year average dividend for Conventional after adjusting for inflation: 4.33%, (2.33% above 3 year rolling target of 2.00%).
  • For Muslim’s who have not switched to Simpanan Shariah, the dividend purification rate for 2019 is 71% of total dividends.
  • EPF membership: 14.6m (+2.8%).
  • Registered employer base: 522,300 employers (+3%).
  • i-Akaun subscribers: 7.6m (+24.6%).
  • Read more

How did EPF perform in 2018

  • EPF Conventional Savings: 2018 dividends of 6.15% with payout of RM43.00b.
  • EPF Simpanan Shariah: 2018 dividends of 5.90% with payout of RM4.32b.
  • Gross investment income of RM50.88b (46.26 Conventional + 4.62b Simpanan Shariah).
  • Payout per 1.00% of dividends = RM7.72b (2017: RM7.02b)
  • Cost to assets under management (AUM): 0.27%
  • Cost to gross income: 4.24%
  • Cost to average total asset: 0.17%


EPFs Investments Income Contribution 2018

  • Equities (Shares) Investment: 57.55% (29.28b)
  • Malaysian Government Securities & Equivalent and Loans & Bonds: 36.13% (18.38b)
  • Real Estate & Infrastructure: 4.12% (2.10b)
  • Money Market Instruments: 2.20% (1.12b)
  • Total Investment Income: 50.88b
  • Local investments: 62.48%
  • Foreign investments: 37.52%


How did EPF perform in 2018?

EPF faces a challenging task ahead to achieve returns. For 2018, RM7.72b was needed for every 1% dividend rate (2017: RM7.02b; 2016: RM6.50b). This is a 3x increase from a decade ago.Overall market performance in 2018 was as expected poorer than 2017’s performance. It was noted that 2018 was a volatile year and all stock market indices ended down with FBMKLCI -6% and global equity indices -9% to -16%.


How did EPF perform in 2017

  • EPF now manages two saving schemes with two dividend rates.
  • EPF Conventional Savings: 2017 dividends of 6.90% with payout of RM44.15b.
  • EPF Simpanan Shariah: 2017 dividends of 6.40% with payout of RM3.98b.
  • Returns of EPF Conventional higher with outperformance of global banking stocks, and EPF Shariah impairments from oil and gas, and telecommunication counters.
  • Returns between EPF Conventional and Shariah will deviate in short term but long-term returns expected to be similar.
  • Payout increase up 29.8%.
  • Highest ever gross investment income of RM53.14b.
  • Cost to AUM (asset under management) increased to 0.26% (2016: 0.25%).
  • Cost to gross income down to 2.53% (2016: 2.56%).
  • Cot to total asset up to 0.17% (2016: 0.16%).
  • EPF overseas exposure: 28%.


EPFs Investments Income Contribution 2017

  • Equities (Shares) Investment: 42.23% (31.47b)
  • Malaysian Government Securities & Equivalent and Loans & Bonds: 32.84% (17.45b)
  • Real Estate & Infrastructure: 5.59% (2.97b)
  • Money Market Instruments: 2.33% (1.24b)
  • Total Investment Income: 53.14b


EPF Top 30 Equity Holdings 2017

No.Share% Holding
1Malaysia Building Society Bhd65.56%
2RHB Bank Bhd40.70%
3Malaysian Resources Corporation Bhd34.90%
4Telekom Malaysia Bhd18.04%
5Axiata Group Bhd16.28%
6Digi.com Bhd15.37%
7Genting Plantations Bhd15.33%
8MBM Resources Bhd15.08%
9Public Bank Bhd14.76%
10CIMB Group Holdings Bhd14.40%
11IJM Corporation Bhd14.38%
12United Plantations Bhd14.34%
13IJM Plantations Bhd14.24%
14Sunway Reit Bhd14.12%
15Axis Real Estate Investment Bhd14.03%
16Bermaz Auto Bhd13.58%
17Media Prima Bhd13.35%
18BIMB Holdings Bhd12.72%
19KPJ Healthcare Bhd12.65%
20Hong Leong Bank Bhd12.51%
21Malayan Banking Bhd12.46%
22Fraser & Neave Holdings Bhd12.30%
23Syarikat Takaful Malaysia Bhd12.29%
24Cahya Mata Sarawak Bhd12.26%
25Sime Darby Plantation Bhd12.02%
26Kuala Lumpur Kepong Bhd12.01%
27Alliance Bank Malaysia Bhd11.97%
28Tenaga Nasional Bhd11.91%
29Gamuda Bhd11.83%
30Yinson Holdings Bhd11.73%


How are EPF Dividends Calculated?

In order to determine the dividend rate, factors that need to be taken into consideration include net income and total for 1% dividend at year-end.

For example:
Dividend Rate = Net income (a) x 1% Total for a 1% dividend (b)

Investment income + Non-investment income – Expenses
Total for a 1% dividend is based on:
Opening balance of contribution (after withdrawal) that obtain dividend for a 12-month period, and
Monthly contribution that obtain pro rated dividend i.e. dividend for the n-month will get (12-n) month dividend. For example, the September contribution (n=9) will obtain a 3 months dividend.

Simplified explanation

  • Your balance from previous year will be given full % dividend
  • Your contributions in the current year will be given prorated based on N months. For example:-
    • January: 11/12 mths
    • February: 10/12 mths
  • If you make an EPF withdrawal, the dividends would be pro-rated on daily rest
  • If you make a full withdrawal from EPF, you will receive 2.5% for the withdrawal. The remainder returns (if any) will be given after next EPF returns declaration.